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The structure and essence of separate work of pupil

The corporation of independent work depends mainly in the outcomes of students learning and their future practical activities. Independent work of pupils is an extremely broad concept, within the interpretation of which different approaches were formed, that will be because of differences in comprehending the essence with this sensation.

Often, independent tasks are regarded as a split sort of training, along side:

  • a lecture,
  • a seminar,
  • practical classes, etc.

Various methods to separate work of pupils

As well, its crucial features give consideration to compulsory classes into the assigned time routine regarding the university time, work minus the direct participation for the teacher, however for the mandatory control. According to other statements, separate work involves all active psychological activity of students into the educational process, could be the interior foundation of interaction between differing kinds and kinds of career among themselves. Considering independent act as the key method of gaining knowledge, adherents of the approach argue so it covers intellectual task, which students carry out not just in extracurricular, but additionally in lectures, seminars, specific interviews, tests, exams, during protection of coursework, diploma papers, etc. This is certainly, independent work, relating to this eyesight, encompasses all types and types of the academic procedure.

In essence, independent tasks are an energetic psychological activity of the student from the execution of an exercise task. The existence of an activity and a target installation on its execution are believed become characteristic signs and symptoms of independent work. The tasks that pupils need certainly to tackle in their educational tasks are the ones that concern them:

  • assimilation of this material associated with topic, which will be considered during the lecture (make use of the abstract of this lecture, suggested by the academic literature);
  • summarizing of fundamental works according to the curriculum program;
  • solving tasks, undertaking experiments, experiments, and so forth;
  • planning of abstracts, control works, fixed shows (reports) at the concept;
  • planning of course, diploma, master’s works.

All of these aspects of the academic process are independent work, because students perform them to a certain degree separately, in non-auditing time.

Stages of independent work of student

Independent work is an educational task associated with pupil, targeted at studying and perfecting the material of the topic minus the direct participation of this instructor.

Independent work with the satisfaction associated with study task encompasses three stages.

  1. Preparation for the pupil for the task, theoretical, emotional, organizational, methodological and logistical help of separate work.
  • The pupil’s theoretical readiness is manifested in the intellectual readiness, that is, the capability to use his knowledge towards the task.
  • Practical readiness may be the capability to optimally prepare a completely independent work, skillfully use the summary of lectures, textbooks, manuals, computer, psychological operations (analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization, category, etc.).
  • The student’s psychological readiness presupposes, to start with, the current presence of motives for performing a particular task. To enable the duty set before the student to be the motive of his mental, practical task, it should be perceived by him. The interior perception associated with task starts with an actualization for the motive, which prompts the student to do the job, and, properly, to organize their particular independent work.
  • The prosperity of the preparatory stage is dependent on the organizational, methodological, material and technical support associated with student’s separate work (availability of literary works, methodological tips, artistic aids, information and computer base, etc.).
  1. Direct execution of this study project. This is actually the most crucial and a lot of responsible stage when you look at the pupil’s independent work. Considering that the academic task and most frequently happens when you look at the educational-cognitive type, along the way of its execution included all mental procedures offering cognitive task: sensation, perception, imagination, memory, thinking, attention, etc. The potency of the task is impacted by such individual qualities associated with pupil as dedication, determination, obligation, etc.
  2. Analysis regarding the completed task may be the final stage of separate work. Through the analysis, the pupil evaluates (by self-control, sometimes inter-control) the high quality and period of the task, the effectiveness for the techniques and tools utilized in the entire process of separate work.

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